Referencing Overview

Referencing allows you to identify the sources of ideas and information in writing.

Academic work requires you to source evidence from current, relevant and reputable sources. The number and range of references used for your work is also important.  The referencing information for NCPS is based on the Style manual for authors, editors and printers , 6th edn (2006) published by  John Wiley and Sons.

Referencing normally occurs in two places:

  • in the body of your assessment or in-text
  • in a reference list at the end of your assessment

You must give a reference whenever you draw on a source of information:

  • as the source of a particular theory, argument or viewpoint
  • for specific information, such as statistics, examples, or case studies
  • for information which you paraphrase
  • for direct quotations (reproducing someone’s exact words)

Effective referencing allows you to avoid plagiarism and ensure academic integrity and separates out your own ‘voice’ from the voice of your sources. It helps to identify that your claims are supported by evidence and research.

Reference with Harvard