Reflective thinking

Some units and assignments ask you to reflect on an aspect of your learning, your life and/or your use of skills. These assignments usually also ask you to interpret these aspects of your learning through the lens of theories and research.

This is because reflective practice together with evidence based practice means better decision making, and thus better outcomes for clients as well as practitioners.

This complex process of reflection is enhanced when a structured, evidence based model is used to frame the process. There are a few respected models available in the literature; among them is a model introduced by Gibbs in 1998 that is still relevant today. It may be a good starting point for your reflective thinking. Here is a diagram of the model:

Gibb's model of reflective learning

(From Williams, K., Woolliams, M., & Spiro, J. (2012). Reflective writing. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan)

For a more detailed explanation of how you can use this model open the Reflective Thinking Guide (Download pdf) below.