Using Tables and Figures (with APA Referencing)

Using Tables and Figures (with APA Referencing)

Tables and figures are a great way to communicate detailed and complex information from primary or secondary research in your assignments.

However, creating tables and figures (including charts and graphs) requires careful consideration about purpose, content and audience of the information.

The material in figures and tables should:

  • be specifically relevant to the assignment topic
  • be easily understood
  • be introduced, explained and explored in the body of the assignment
  • provide new and essential information that you couldn't write in text

Consider the following questions when using a table or figure:

  • What does the table or figure communicate that the text cannot?
  • Is all the information in the table or figure essential and relevant?
  • Is the table or figure located in the relevant section of the paper?
  • Is there a title and headings so the subject of the table or figure is clear?
  • Is the table or figure referenced according to APA 6th guidelines (see example below)?

Primary Research - you did the research Secondary Research - you're reporting on someone else's research

Data:

Patient AM PM
A 36.1°C 36.5°C
B 37°C 37.1°C
C 37.5°C 38.1°C
D 36.4°C 36.2°C
E 36.9°C 37.2°C

Table 1: Patients' temperature readings on 06/02/2018

Data:

Figure 1: Prevalence of Diabetes (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2017)

Reference List:

Not necessary if you collected the data yourself.

Reference List:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Diabetes Compendium. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes-compendium/contents/ho...